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The Plumb-Pudding in Danger – or – State Epicures Taking un Petit Souper
Photo credit: National Portrait Gallery, London

The Plumb-Pudding in Danger – or – State Epicures Taking un Petit Souper 1805

James Gillray (1756–1815)

National Portrait Gallery, London

[from the Italian caricare, ‘to load, exaggerate’] - A form of art, usually portraiture, in which the characteristic features of the subject are exaggerated or distorted for comic effect. The Bolognese artist Annibale Carracci (1560–1609) is normally credited with its invention at the end of the 16th century. He justified it as a counterpart to idealization—just as the serious artist penetrated to the idea behind outward appearances, so the caricaturist portrayed his victim as if Nature had wholly had her way.

Text source: The Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art Terms (2nd Edition) by Michael Clarke


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