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(b Marseilles, 26 Feb. 1808; d Valmondois, 10 Feb. 1879). French caricaturist, painter, and sculptor. During his lifetime he was known chiefly as a political and social satirist, but since his death he has been increasingly recognized as a painter. In 1830, after learning the still fairly new process of lithography, he began to contribute political cartoons to the newly launched anti-monarchist weekly La Caricature. He was an ardent Republican and in 1832 was sentenced to six months' imprisonment for his attacks on King Louis Philippe, whom he represented as ‘Gargantua swallowing bags of gold extorted from the people’. In 1835 the government prohibited political caricature and Daumier turned to social satire, mainly in Le Charivari, but at the time of the 1848 revolution, in which Louis Philippe was deposed, he returned to political subjects.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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