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Strafford was the son of Sir William Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, near Rotherham. This painting shows Sir Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford receiving his death warrant from Sir Philip Mainwairing. Strafford was appointed as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and was the most able minister of King Charles I. Charles was an unpopular king with a more unpopular French catholic wife (Henrietta Maria). Parliament decided that Strafford should be tried for treason. They had no evidence against him but the King was forced to sign the death warrant believing his wife was in danger. This was the start of the English Civil War and for the next 18 years Britain was at war or was without a sovereign.

Rotherham Heritage Services

Art UK Founder Partner

More information




oil on canvas


H 152 x W 161 cm

Accession number

ROTMG : OP.1984.4

Acquisition method

purchased from the Cusworth Hall sale, 1952

Work type



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