Monk’s House, a modest, weather-boarded house, was purchased for £700 by Virginia (1882–1941) and Leonard Woolf (1880–1969), leading lights of the Bloomsbury Group, in 1919. During their years at Monk’s House, the Woolfs entertained some of the best-known literary and artistic figures of the day, such as Vita Sackville-West, Lytton Strachey, E. M. Forster, T. S. Eliot, and Roger Fry, many of whom were Bloomsbury Group members.
The interior of the house is a reflection of this zeitgeist, with painted furniture and decorated china by Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant, and every room hung with pictures by not only Bell and Grant, but also Roger Fry. It was a seemingly idyllic existence, and Virginia was able to write at the bottom of the garden in a small wooden lodge, which gave her space and peace to think. After her suicide her ashes were scattered under an elm just beyond the garden.