The conceptual artist Michael Craig-Martin is best known for his iconic conceptual work of 1973, An Oak Tree: a glass of water on a shelf, with an accompanying text explaining that the artist had transformed it into an oak tree. He was immensely influential in teaching the famous group of Young British Artists (YBAs), such as Damien Hirst and Sarah Lucas, at Goldsmiths in the late 1980s.
Craig-Martin was born in Dublin in 1941. He studied Fine Art at the Yale School of Art and Architecture and has lived and worked in Britain since 1966.
In the 1960s he produced several series of starkly geometrical opening boxes relating to minimalist sculptures. Craig-Martin’s first series of wall-mounted sculptures in the early 1970s explore conceptual themes about the role of the artist, inspired by the founder of conceptualism, Marcel Duchamp. They challenge our preconceptions about the nature of physical objects, the effects of gravity, and the meaning of words. Later, in the 1970s, these themes were explored in wall drawings and paintings that contrast two- and three-dimensional representation,
A Glass of Water, using the graphic shorthand of cartoons and advertising, refers back to Craig-Martin’s An Oak Tree. From the mid-1990s,
These strong black outlines and bright
Recently these objects have more directly reflected contemporary life – iPhones, designer trainers, credit cards and plastic coffee cups – what he has called ‘fundamentals’ and ‘objects of our time’.
As a tutor at Goldsmiths from 1974–1988 and 1994–2000, Craig-Martin had a significant influence on two generations of young British artists. Over the past 40 years he has had numerous exhibitions and installations in galleries and museums across the world and in 1996 he represented Britain in the 23rd São Paulo Biennial. A retrospective of his work was presented at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, in 1989, and a second at the Irish Museum of Modern Art in Dublin in 2006, and a third at the Serpentine Gallery, London, in 2015. In 2015 his first major exhibition in China began at the Himalayas Museum, Shanghai and
Andrew Greg, National Inventory Research Project, University of Glasgow