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From the late 19th to early 20th century, Paris and its surroundings were at the centre of the art world. In order to demonstrate the wide-reaching influence of French art, we have paired French paintings with British examples. We explore three key strands of this French influence: painting directly from nature, depicting real people engaged in everyday tasks and painting techniques. In 1874, a group of artists with similar aims exhibited together in what is now known as the First Impressionist Exhibition. Prior to this, French artists had begun to experiment with painting out of doors. Artists who painted the landscape around Barbizon, south-east of Paris, paved the way for the Impressionists.

26 artworks
  • La falaise à Fécamp, France 1881
    Claude Monet (1840–1926)
    Oil on canvas
    H 65 x W 81.1 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    La falaise à Fécamp, France
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • A Ground Swell, Carradale, Argyll 1883–1886
    William McTaggart (1835–1910)
    Oil on canvas
    H 82 x W 123.8 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    A Ground Swell, Carradale, Argyll
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Japanese Anemones 1884
    Henri Fantin-Latour (1836–1904)
    Oil on canvas
    H 58.2 x W 38.3 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Japanese Anemones
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Anemones
    George Leslie Hunter (1877–1931)
    Oil on board
    H 46.2 x W 34.1 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Anemones
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Les laveuses (The Washerwomen) 1873
    Charles-François Daubigny (1817–1878)
    Oil on canvas
    H 36 x W 59.2 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Les laveuses (The Washerwomen)
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Montrose, Angus 1888
    George Reid (1841–1913)
    Oil on canvas
    H 83.3 x W 102.5 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Montrose, Angus
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • La Roche-Guyon, France 1885–1886
    Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841–1919)
    Oil on canvas
    H 46.5 x W 56.1 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    La Roche-Guyon, France
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Fontcreuse, France c.1934
    Duncan Grant (1885–1978)
    Oil on canvas
    H 81.7 x W 99.5 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Fontcreuse, France
    © Estate of Duncan Grant. All rights reserved, DACS 2021. Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • The Gleaner 1875
    Jules Breton (1827–1906)
    Oil on canvas
    H 73.5 x W 54.9 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    The Gleaner
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Les moulières, Villerville, France (The Mussel Gatherers, Villerville, France) c.1902
    Robert McGregor (1847–1922)
    Oil on canvas
    H 142.5 x W 97.1 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Les moulières, Villerville, France (The Mussel Gatherers, Villerville, France)
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Going to School 1882
    Jules Bastien-Lepage (1848–1884)
    Oil on canvas
    H 80.9 x W 59.8 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Going to School
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • A Frugal Meal 1888
    Alexander Mackenzie (1850–1890)
    Oil on canvas
    H 110.5 x W 89.1 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    A Frugal Meal
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Les bords du Loing, France 1897
    Alfred Sisley (1839–1899)
    Oil on canvas
    H 54.5 x W 65.5 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Les bords du Loing, France
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Moonlight, Loch Lomond c.1924
    George Leslie Hunter (1877–1931)
    Oil on canvas
    H 51 x W 61.5 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Moonlight, Loch Lomond
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Une cour aux Sablons (A Courtyard in Les Sablons) 1885
    Alfred Sisley (1839–1899)
    Oil on canvas
    H 55 x W 73.3 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Une cour aux Sablons  (A Courtyard in Les Sablons)
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • The Basket Shop, Rue St Jean, Dieppe, France c.1911–1912
    Walter Richard Sickert (1860–1942)
    Oil on canvas
    H 50.2 x W 60.9 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    The Basket Shop, Rue St Jean, Dieppe, France
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • La petite place, la rue du village 1874
    Alfred Sisley (1839–1899)
    Oil on canvas
    H 42.5 x W 55.2 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    La petite place, la rue du village
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Street in Comrie, Perthshire 1902
    Samuel John Peploe (1871–1935)
    Oil on canvas
    H 41.1 x W 51 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Street in Comrie, Perthshire
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Les pommiers à Damiette 1893
    Armand Guillaumin (1841–1927)
    Oil on canvas
    H 73.6 x W 93 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Les pommiers à Damiette
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Landscape, Cassis, France c.1924
    Samuel John Peploe (1871–1935)
    Oil on canvas
    H 63.5 x W 53.5 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Landscape, Cassis, France
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Vernonnet, paysage près de Giverny, France 1924
    Pierre Bonnard (1867–1947)
    Oil on canvas
    H 50.3 x W 63.1 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Vernonnet, paysage près de Giverny, France
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Lunga from Iona
    Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell (1883–1937)
    Oil on canvas
    H 41 x W 48.5 cm
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums
    Lunga from Iona
    Photo credit: Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • L'homme qui marche 1877
    Auguste Rodin (1840–1917)
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Eastre, Hymn to the Sun 1924
    John Duncan Fergusson (1874–1961)
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Position de quatrième devant sur la jambe gauche 1882–1895
    Hilaire Germain
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums

  • Herakles the Archer 1908–1909
    Émile Antoine Bourdelle (1861–1929)
    Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums