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During the Thirty Years' War, Spanish naval power reached unprecedented levels. Their ports and shipyards in Flanders, particularly Dunkirk, were the focus of maritime revival. The Flanders fleet which evolved in response to Dutch sea power became the most devastating and effective unit in Spain's defence establishment. In combination with its privateering auxiliaries, this elite striking force dominated the North Sea between 1625 and 1645, and also campaigned in the Mediterranean and Atlantic.
oil on panel
H 38.1 x W 72.4 cm