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William Woodville (1752–1805)

Photo credit: Royal College of Physicians, London

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William Woodville (1752–1805) was famous for his work on the prevention of smallpox. As director of the Smallpox and Inoculation Hospital at St Pancras, London, from 1791, Woodville carried out extensive trials of vaccination. He kept detailed records on thousands of patients. He was also an accomplished botanist, and acquired two acres of ground belonging to the hospital which he maintained at his own expense as a botanical garden. He published 'Medical Botany', a catalogue of plants based on the 'Pharmacopoeia' of the Royal Colleges of Physicians, of which he was a fellow.

Royal College of Physicians, London



William Woodville (1752–1805)




oil on canvas


H 76.2 x W 63.5 cm

Accession number


Acquisition method

purchased from St Pancras Inoculation Hospital, 1954

Work type



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Normally on display at

Royal College of Physicians, London

11 St Andrew's Place, Regent's Park, London, Greater London NW1 4LE England

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