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Third son of George II. A lifelong soldier, described by Horace Walpole as 'proud and unforgiving, fond of war for its own sake'. His victory at Culloden in 1746 ended the Jacobite threat, but his severe treatment of the rebels earned him the nickname of 'Butcher of Culloden'. In this portrait, probably painted between 1758 and 1760, Cumberland is wearing a blue army uniform, although he had actually resigned his commission after defeat and political embarrassment in Austria in 1757.
oil on canvas
74.9 x 62.2 cm
Purchased, 1881. On long-term loan to Beningbrough Hall, Yorkshire
National Portrait Gallery, London
St Martin’s Place, London, Greater London WC2H 0HE EnglandView venue
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