Art UK has updated its cookies policy. By using this website you are agreeing to the use of cookies. To find out more read our updated Use of Cookies policy and our updated Privacy policy.

United Defence Against Aggression (England and France, 1914)

Photo credit: Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales

How you can use this image

This image can be used for non-commercial research or private study purposes, and other UK exceptions to copyright permitted to users based in the United Kingdom under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, as amended and revised. Any other type of use will need to be cleared with the rights holder(s).

Review the copyright credit lines that are located underneath the image, as these indicate who manages the copyright (©) within the artwork, and the photographic rights within the image.

The collection that owns the artwork may have more information on their own website about permitted uses and image licensing options.

Review our guidance pages which explain how you can reuse images, how to credit an image and how to find images in the public domain or with a Creative Commons licence available.


Add or edit a note on this artwork that only you can see. You can find notes again by going to the ‘Notes’ section of your account.

England and France, represented as female figures in medieval dress, defend themselves against the aggressive, swooping, black eagle of Germany. England reaches to unsheathe her sword, whilst France bravely stands up to the enemy that is invading the pleasant, idyllic land.

This work forms part of the portfolio ‘The Great War: Britain’s Efforts and Ideals’, a series of 66 lithographic prints commissioned by the Ministry of Information in 1917. The series provides a broad and fascinating representation of Britain’s war objectives, military activities and effort on the Home Front.

United Defence Against Aggression (England and France, 1914)




lithograph on paper


H 76.4 x W 50.3 cm

Accession number

NMW A 13157

Acquisition method

gift from H. M. Ministry of Information, 1919

Work type



This artwork does not have any tags yet. You can help by tagging artworks on Tagger.

National Museum Cardiff

Cathays Park, Cardiff (Caerdydd) CF10 3NP Wales

This venue is open to the public. Not all artworks are on display. If you want to see a particular artwork, please contact the venue.
View venue