You can reproduce this image for non-commercial purposes and you are not able to change or modify it in any way.
Wherever you reproduce the image you must attribute the original creators (acknowledge the original artist(s) and the person/organisation that took the photograph of the work) and any other rights holders.
Review our guidance pages which explain how you can reuse images, how to credit an image and how to find more images in the public domain or with a Creative Commons licence available.
Add or edit a note on this artwork that only you can see. You can find notes again by going to the ‘Notes’ section of your account.
Thomas Sydenham (1624–1689) was one of the greatest early English physicians and has been called ‘the Father of English Medicine’. Sydenham’s achievement was to introduce an entirely new spirit into the medicine of the time, laying emphasis on clinical observation and accurate descriptions of disease. He was not concerned with medical theory and scorned those who were. This led to hostility between Sydenham and other physicians in the later years of his life. He revolutionised the treatment of smallpox and fevers in general and was the first person to recognise hysteria as a distinct disease. This work contributed to his fame as a physician in his own lifetime and his legacy as an early pioneer in medicine.