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The 'Royal Caroline'

Photo credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London

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The 'Royal Caroline' was built in 1749 by Joshua Allin at Deptford and was an adapted sixth-rate. She replaced the 'Carolina' as the principal royal yacht. In 1761 she was sumptuously fitted out to collect the Queen Consort to be, Princess Charlotte, from Kiel, and her name was changed to the 'Royal Charlotte'. This broadside-view ship portrait from off the starboard bow, shows the ship in full sail flying the red and blue ensign and the common pendant. John Cleveley came from an English family of painters. He was born and died in Southwark, London and did not become a professional painter until the late 1740s. He lived and worked in part of the Royal Dockyard, in Deptford, near London which he frequently included in his paintings. His work combined depictions of people with topographical accuracy and architectural detail, and displayed considerable knowledge of shipbuilding.

National Maritime Museum





oil on canvas


H 90 x W 80 cm

Accession number


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National Maritime Museum

Romney Road, Greenwich, London, Greater London SE10 9NF England

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