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The sitter was the only surviving son of the exiled James II (of England and Ireland) and VII (of Scotland) and Mary of Modena. After his father's deposition in 1688 he was raised in France and on his father's death in 1701 he declared himself King. His status was only recognised by France, Spain and the Papal States. This portrait shows him dressed in armour and a blue sash and recalls his military campaigns to reclaim the British throne (1706, 1708 and 1715), all of which were unsuccessful.
oil on canvas
H 77 x W 61 cm (E)
bought by private treaty from Petronella Dittmer, Mrs Burnett-Brown, 2009