Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

Image credit: National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brougham, a radical Whig lawyer and MP, tirelessly campaigned for the advancement of education and reform. In 1810, he eventually entered Parliament as a Whig and immediately promoted legislation against slave trading. He won popular renown for his spirited defence of Queen Caroline at her 'trial' (1820). As Lord Chancellor (1830–1834) he played a leading part in drafting and promoting the Reform Bill (1832) with Lord Grey. Brougham co-founded the Whig periodical the Edinburgh Review (1802) with Sydney Smith. He helped establish the London Mechanics Institutes (1824), the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1826), and the non-denominational University College London (1828).

National Portrait Gallery, London



Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux




oil on canvas


H 114.3 x W 85.1 cm

Accession number


Acquisition method

Given by the artist's son, James John Lonsdale, 1873

Work type



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