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In 1692 the Huguenot Henri de Ruvigny was appointed Commander in Chief in Ireland, and Lord Galway the following year. From then until the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697 he served William III in his Continental wars against Louis XIV. Between 1697 and 1701 he was in virtual sole charge of the government of Ireland. It was he who, in 1697, sent Louis Crommelin, a 'Frenchman very skilled in linen manufacture' on a tour of the country to report on proposals to promote the development of the industry. Later he recommended Crommelin at court in London. Galway facilitated the Huguenot settlement in Lisburn and ensured it received its first payments. This portrait shows Galway in his later years and may have been painted when he returned to Ireland as Lord Justice in 1714–1715.
Henri (1648–1720), Marquis de Ruvigny, Later 1st Earl of Galway
oil on canvas
H 125 x W 100 cm