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Frederick Augustus (1763–1827), Duke of York, Reviewing Troops in Flanders

Photo credit: National Army Museum

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Frederick Augustus (1763–1827), Duke of York and Albany, was the second and favourite son of King George III. Brave, but inexperienced, in 1793 he was sent to Flanders in command of the British contingent of an Allied force opposing Revolutionary France. Although the Allied army captured Valenciennes in July of that year, the campaign was eventually to prove unsuccessful. The French ejected the Allies and then won control of Flanders through their decisive victory at the Battle of Fleurus in June 1794. The Duke of York's force returned to Britain in 1795, having lost more than 20,000 men in the two years of fighting. The failure of the expedition meant that the Duke was destined to be mocked for all time in the rhyme ‘The Grand Old Duke of York’.

National Army Museum





oil on canvas


H 47.5 x W 66.2 cm

Accession number

NAM. 1993-10-72

Acquisition method

purchased at Sotheby’s, 1993

Work type



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National Army Museum

Royal Hospital Road, Chelsea, London, Greater London SW3 4HT England

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