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Edward Tyson (1650–1708)

Photo credit: Royal College of Physicians, London

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Edward Tyson (1650–1708) was one of the great comparative anatomists. He demonstrated for the first time the probability of a relationship between the anatomy of man and other animals, which was not established more clearly until Charles Darwin published 'The Descent of Man', 150 years later. Tyson’s most significant work was 'The Anatomy of a Pygmie compared with that of a Monkey, an Ape and a Man', published in 1699.

Royal College of Physicians, London





oil on canvas


H 126.4 x W 102.2 cm

Accession number


Acquisition method

gift from Dr Richard Tyson, 1764

Work type



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Normally on display at

Royal College of Physicians, London

11 St Andrew's Place, Regent's Park, London, Greater London NW1 4LE England

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