Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

Image credit: National Portrait Gallery, London

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Married George, Prince of Wales in 1795 but he was already secretly married to Mrs Fitzherbert, only agreeing to the arranged marriage to salvage his financial position. He abandoned her just after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte. Caroline repaid her husband by leading a life of bawdy behaviour. Her travels took her around the Mediterranean, including Tunis, Jerusalem, Ephesus and Constantinople. In 1820 her husband wanted to divorce her so she was tried in the House of Lords for adultery, but acquitted. In July 1821 she was refused entry to George IV's coronation and died a fortnight later of shock. On her death her body was shipped back to Brunswick, her birthplace.

National Portrait Gallery, London



Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick




oil on canvas


H 76.2 x W 64.1 cm

Accession number


Acquisition method

Given by the artist's son, James John Lonsdale, 1873

Work type



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