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Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

Photo credit: National Portrait Gallery, London

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Married George, Prince of Wales in 1795 but he was already secretly married to Mrs Fitzherbert, only agreeing to the arranged marriage to salvage his financial position. He abandoned her just after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte. Caroline repaid her husband by leading a life of bawdy behaviour. Her travels took her around the Mediterranean, including Tunis, Jerusalem, Ephesus and Constantinople. In 1820 her husband wanted to divorce her so she was tried in the House of Lords for adultery, but acquitted. In July 1821 she was refused entry to George IV's coronation and died a fortnight later of shock. On her death her body was shipped back to Brunswick, her birthplace. This portrait of Caroline of Brunswick was painted after her separation from the Prince of Wales.

National Portrait Gallery, London

London

Title

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

Date

1804

Medium

oil on canvas

Measurements

H 140.3 x W 111.8 cm

Accession number

244

Acquisition method

Purchased, 1867

Work type

Painting

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National Portrait Gallery, London

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