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Pendant to 'The State Barge of Cardinal Richelieu on the Rhône', both paintings were exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1831. Here it is 1661, and the dying Mazarin is shown surrounded by aristocrats who have been forced by his policies to abandon their lands and become his sycophantic followers. The man bowing in the centre is the Spanish Ambassador, and the young woman on the right looking back towards him wistfully is one of Mazarin’s nieces, Marie Mancini, who had a love affair with Louis XIV. One of Mazarin’s last acts had been to arrange a marriage between Louis and Maria Theresa of Spain, thus thwarting the ambitions of his own niece to become queen.

The Wallace Collection



Cardinal Mazarin's Last Sickness




oil on canvas


H 56.4 x W 97.5 cm

Accession number


Acquisition method

acquired by Richard Seymour-Conway, 4th Marquess of Hertford, 1865; bequeathed to the nation by Lady Wallace, 1897

Work type



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The Wallace Collection

Hertford House, Manchester Square, London, Greater London W1U 3BN England

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