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Calligraphic Panel

Photo credit: The Khalili Collections

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The composition, a poem in Ottoman Turkish in praise of the Prophet, bears the signature of the Ottoman sultan Mahmud II (r. 1808–1839). The signature, which is in the shape of a pear, reads, 'written by Mahmud ibn 'Abd al-Hamid Khan.' Another example of this composition signed by Mustafa Rakim and dated 1811 is known, and it is likely that the Sultan's version is a copy of the latter: copying the work of masters would have been an essential part of Mahmud's training as a calligrapher. Mustafa Rakim, who was calligraphy teacher to Sultan Mahmud, is also said to have designed the form of the sultan's signature. (see CAL 312)

The Khalili Collections



Calligraphic Panel


early 19th C


gold & silver, on black-coated paper

Accession number


Work type

Drawing & watercolour


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The Khalili Collections

London, Greater London England

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