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A View of the West Front Horse Guards, with the Treasury and Downing Street Beyond

Photo credit: National Army Museum

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Horse Guards is named after the mounted troops who have formed the sovereign's Life Guard on this spot since the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. It grew from a simple building that housed troops on duty as escorts to the King to become the headquarters of the British Army in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The Georgian War Office was also housed in the building. However, much of the detailed day-to-day administration of the army was handled at regimental level. Before 1841, the only access to the royal residences of St James's Palace and Buckingham Palace was through the archway of Horse Guards. It remains the official entrance to the two palaces, for which reason The Queen's Life Guard is still mounted here.

National Army Museum





oil on canvas


H 90.5 x W 136.7 cm

Accession number

NAM. 1993-11-43

Acquisition method

purchased at Sotheby’s, 1993

Work type



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National Army Museum

Royal Hospital Road, Chelsea, London, Greater London SW3 4HT England

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