(b London, 17 Aug. 1778; d London, 17 Nov. 1842). English landscape painter in watercolour, a protégé of Dr Monro. Varley represents the transition between tinted topographical drawing and the bolder, more fully developed manner of watercolour painting characteristic of the 19th century. As well as being a leading painter, he was the most popular and enthusiastic teacher of his day: his pupils included Cox, De Wint, Linnell, Mulready (his brother-in-law), and Samuel Palmer, and he published various instructional works.
Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)