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(b Antwerp, 24 Nov. 1886; d Paris, 5 Oct. 1965). Belgian sculptor, painter, architect, and writer on art, active mainly in France, one of the pioneers of a mathematical approach to abstract art. In 1917 he joined the De Stijl group and turned from the conventionally naturalistic style he had previously practised to abstract sculptures in which he applied the principles of Neo-Plasticism to three dimensions (Interrelation of Volumes, 1919, Tate, London).

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)