(b Delfshaven [now a borough of Rotterdam], 26 Jan. 1877; d Monte Carlo, 28 May 1968). Dutch-born painter and printmaker who settled in Paris in 1897 and took French nationality in 1929. His early work was Impressionist, but he became a member of the Fauves in 1906 and in 1908 exhibited with the German Expressionist group Die Brücke. He had a reputation as a ladies' man, and his work (mainly nudes and female portraits) was often erotic in spirit: in 1913 one of his pictures was removed from the Salon d'Automne by the police on the grounds of alleged indecency.
Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)