(b Sunderland, 3 Dec. 1793; d London, 18 May 1867). English painter, best known for his marine subjects. From 1808 to 1816 he was a sailor, mainly in the merchant service, although he was in the Royal Navy for a time after being press-ganged. He began his artistic career as a theatrical scene painter and creator of dioramas, sometimes working in collaboration with his friend David Roberts, but from the 1830s he concentrated on easel paintings.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)