British engraver in various techniques, born at Wollaston, Worcestershire. He was the son of an engineer and trained to follow his father's profession; his scientific background gave him a deep understanding of materials, and he made his own tools and invented new ones. He once stated, ‘An artist must be a workman; and an artist afterwards, if it please God.’ His main artistic training was at the *Royal College of Art. Short revived aquatint and mezzotint as both creative and reproductive media, and his etchings were praised by *Whistler, who often visited Short's studio for advice on technical matters. From 1891 to 1924 he taught at the Royal College of Art.

Text source: A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (Oxford University Press)

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