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British painter. He was born at Greenock, Scotland, of Irish and Scottish parents and was brought up in Ulster. He studied at Belfast College of Art, 1928–31, and the *Royal Academy, 1931–5. In 1937–9 he lived in France (mainly Pont-Aven and St-Tropez) and he found a sense of kinship with a tradition of French still-life painting which linked Chardin in the 18th century with *Braque. His work continued to be based on still-life, but even when, for a time in the 1950s, he painted pure abstracts, he continued to relate what he did as a painter to that tradition. They featured forms such as circles and squares, but they were not geometrically exact and were bounded by sensitive painterly lines. In the late 1960s and 1970s his style became more austere.

Text source: A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (Oxford University Press)

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