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(b St Petersburg, 27 Sept. [9 Oct.] 1874; d Nagar, nr. Kulu, Himachal Pradesh, India, 13 Dec. 1947). Russian painter, designer, archaeologist, anthropologist, and mystical philosopher. He was a prolific painter of landscapes and of imaginary historical scenes that evoke a colourful pagan image of Russia's past. They reveal the same feeling for exotic splendour and bold, sumptuous colour that he displayed in his set and costume designs for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, notably for Stravinsky's Rite of Spring (1913), for which Roerich created the scenario with the composer.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)