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(b Cluny, 4 Apr. 1758; d Paris, 16 Feb. 1823). French portrait and historical painter. His main training was at the Dijon Academy, from which he won a scholarship to Rome in 1784. He became a friend of Canova there and formed his style on the example of the sfumato and sensuous charm of Leonardo and Correggio. In 1788 he returned to Paris and after working in obscurity for some time he flourished under Napoleon, becoming a favourite of both his empresses, Josephine and Marie Louise.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)