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(b Queen Anne's County, Md., 15 Apr. 1741; d Philadelphia, 22 Feb. 1827). American painter, inventor, naturalist, and patriot, the founder and most distinguished member of a family of artists. Peale was a highly versatile craftsman, and early in his career he worked as a saddler, watchmaker, silversmith, and upholsterer, as well as a sign painter. He received advice and encouragement from Copley and spent two years in London (1767–9), where he studied under West.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)