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(b New York, 29 Jan. 1905; d New York, 4 July 1970). American painter (and latterly sculptor), one of the leading figures of Abstract Expressionism and one of the initiators of Colour Field Painting. During the 1930s he had a hard time financially: the Depression almost ruined his father's clothing business (which Newman ran for a while), and unlike most American painters of the time he did not work for the Federal Art Project, being unwilling to accept state handouts.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)