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(b Løten, 12 Dec. 1863; d Oslo, 23 Jan. 1944). Norwegian painter and printmaker, his country's greatest artist. He began painting in a conventional naturalistic manner, but by 1884 he was part of the world of bohemian artists and writers in Christiania (now Oslo) who outraged bourgeois society with their advocacy of sexual as well as artistic freedom; Christian Krohg, who gave him informal tuition, was in particular his early mentor.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)