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German *Expressionist painter and graphic artist, born at Liebau in Silesia (now Libawka, Poland). After four years' apprenticeship in lithography at Breslau he studied painting in Dresden, 1896–8, and remained based there until 1908. He was a prolific worker but later destroyed most of his paintings from these years. Those that survive show he was strongly influenced by the curvilinear forms of *Art Nouveau.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)