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French painter, sculptor, and installation artist, born in Cholet. He was self-taught as an artist and his early paintings were realist still-life subjects. In his first solo exhibition in Paris in 1950 he showed *primitivist paintings and sculpture, reminiscent of, but far more restrained than, the contemporary work of the *Cobra group. In the same year he encountered for the first time the *Concrete art of Max *Bill.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)