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(b Livorno [Leghorn], 12 July 1884; d Paris, 24 Jan. 1920). Italian painter, sculptor, and draughtsman, active mainly in Paris. Although virtually his whole career was spent in France, he laid the foundations of his style in Italy with his study of the masters of the Renaissance. In particular he is often seen as a spiritual heir of Botticelli because of the linear grace of his work, and his reclining nudes continue a tradition begun by Giorgione and Titian. He moved to Paris in 1906; apart from visits to his family in Italy and a year spent at Nice and Cagnes, 1918–19, this was his home for the rest of his life, and he became a familiar figure in the café and night life of Montmartre. Initially he was strongly influenced by Cézanne, from whom he learnt much about simple dignity of composition and subtle handling of colour harmonies.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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