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(b Philadelphia, 27 Aug. 1890; d Paris, 18 Nov. 1976). American painter, photographer, draughtsman, sculptor, and film-maker, born Emmanuel Radnitsky to Russian-Jewish immigrant parents. The family adopted Ray as their surname in about 1911 and Man is an abbreviated version of his forename; he preferred to treat his pseudonym as a single unit, so it is customary to list him under M rather than R. After seeing the Armory Show in 1913 he began painting in a Cubist style.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)