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(b Geneva, 22 Dec. 1702; d Geneva, 12 June 1789). Swiss painter (mainly in pastels) and printmaker. He travelled very widely in Europe and also spent four years in Constantinople (1738–42), after which he adopted ‘Turkish’ dress and beard (actually more Moldavian); his eccentric appearance, which was a useful form of self-publicity, is familiar from his numerous self-portraits (however, when he married in 1756 he reluctantly shaved off the beard to please his wife).

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)