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(b Terenzo, nr. Parma; bapt. Parma, 26 Jan. 1582; d Rome, 29 Nov. 1647). Italian painter, who with Guercino and Pietro da Cortona ranks as one of the founders of the High Baroque style of painting. He trained in Parma under Agostino Carracci before going to Rome in 1602 to assist Annibale Carracci in the Palazzo Farnese. After Annibale's death in 1609, he returned for a while to Emilia, but by about 1612 was back in Rome, where he gradually superseded his arch-rival Domenichino as the leading fresco painter in the city. Their work can be compared in the church of S. Andrea della Valle: Domenichino painted the apse and the pendentives of the dome, but Lanfranco was awarded the commission for the Assumption of the Virgin (1625–7) in the dome itself.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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