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(b Opočno, Bohemia, 22 Sept. 1871; d Puteaux, Paris, 24 June 1957). Czech painter and graphic artist, active mainly in France, a pioneer of abstract art. He studied in Prague and Vienna, and settled in Paris in 1895/6, working first mainly as a satirical draughtsman and book illustrator; his paintings of the time were influenced by Symbolism and then Fauvism. From an early age he had been interested in the supernatural (later in Theosophy), and from this grew a concern with the spiritual symbolism of colour.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)