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Phase II... Running Start Decisive Operations Violet
© Jenny Holzer. ARS, NY and DACS, London 2022. Photo credit: National Galleries of Scotland

Phase II... Running Start Decisive Operations Violet 2007

Jenny Holzer (b.1950)

National Galleries of Scotland

American artist, whose work consists of verbal statements (typically aphorisms or exhortations) expressed in such forms as posters, electronic signs, or *installations. She was born in Gallipolis, Ohio, and studied successively at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, the University of Chicago, Ohio University, Athens, and the Rhode Island School of Design. In 1977 she settled in New York and in the same year she began producing Truisms—broadsheets, printed with statements such as ‘There is a fine line between information and propaganda’, which were pasted on buildings and walls. Her work was influenced by *Conceptual art in its dependence on verbal language, but there was a strong element of rhetoric quite foreign to the more analytical approach of the early exponents of the movement.

Text source: A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (Oxford University Press)


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