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(b Dunedin, 28 Apr. 1869; d Herrison House psychiatric hospital, nr. Dorchester, 13 May 1947). New Zealand painter, active mainly in England, where she settled in 1913 after some time alternating between the two hemispheres. She was the daughter of William Matthew Hodgkins (1833–98), a barrister and amateur painter who had emigrated from England in 1859 and took a lead in the artistic life of Dunedin. Her father taught her watercolour painting, but she did not begin to paint in oils until 1915. Until that time her work had been conventional, but she gradually developed a more individual style, echoing Matisse and Dufy (she spent a good deal of time in France), in its use of vibrant colour. She mainly painted landscapes and still lifes. Her later paintings approach abstraction in a manner akin to Hitchens's work.

Text source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)

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