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(b Döbeln, nr. Dresden, 31 July 1883; d Radolfzell am Bodensee, 27 Jan. 1970). German painter and graphic artist, one of the founders of Die Brücke. His work was somewhat more lyrical than that of the other members of the group and he showed a special concern for depicting sickness and inner anguish. His landscapes, too, sometimes have a decorative quality foreign to most German Expressionism. During the First World War, when he worked as a medical orderly in Flanders, his work became more melancholic and tragic.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)