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(b Brantford, Ontario, 23 Oct. 1885; d Vancouver, 29 Jan. 1970). Canadian painter, active mainly in Toronto and (from 1940) in Vancouver. From 1904 to 1908 he studied in Berlin, where his work was influenced by Expressionism. Early in his career his favourite subjects were cityscapes and views of houses, but in about 1911 he also took up landscape and from 1920 (when he was one of the founder members of the Group of Seven) this became his main interest.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)