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(b Berlin, 26 July 1893; d West Berlin, 6 July 1959). German-born painter and draughtsman who became an American citizen in 1938. He began as a caricaturist and through his drawings he expressed his disgust at the depravity of the Prussian military caste. During the First World War he twice served in the German army and each time was discharged as being unfit for service. In 1917, with Heartfield, he Anglicized his name (adding an ‘e’ to ‘Georg’) as a protest against the hatred being whipped up against the enemy.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)