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(b New York, 14 Mar. 1903; d East Hampton, Long Island, NY, 4 Mar. 1974). American painter, one of the leading Abstract Expressionists. His early work was Expressionist and in 1935 he was one of the founding members of the Expressionist group The Ten. In 1936 he worked for the Federal Art Project. Some of his landscapes of the late 1930s were influenced by Surrealism, and from the early 1940s this tendency was enhanced by contact with expatriate European Surrealists and by an interest in Freudian psychology.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)