(b Ferrara, ?1481; d Ferrara, 6 Sept. 1559). Italian painter, active mainly in Ferrara. His nickname is said to come from his liking for including a gillyflower (It., garofano) in a corner of his paintings. According to Vasari he twice visited Rome, and his work—derivative but beautifully crafted—was heavily influenced by Raphael. He was the first to paint in such a manner in Ferrara and was influential in spreading the High Renaissance style.
Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)