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(b Greifswald, 5 Sept. 1774; d Dresden, 7 May 1840). The greatest German Romantic painter and one of the most original geniuses in the history of landscape painting. His home town is near the Baltic coast, and the sea and shipping often feature in his work, although he depicted them imaginatively rather than topographically. After studying at the Copenhagen Academy under Juel and Abildgaard from 1794 to 1798, he settled permanently in Dresden.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)