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(b San Mateo, Calif., 25 June 1923; d Santa Monica, Calif., 4 Nov. 1994). American painter, one of the leading second-generation Abstract Expressionists. While serving in the US Army Air Corps he injured his spine in a plane crash and he took up painting in 1944 when he was recovering in hospital. In 1950 he settled in Paris, where he studied under Léger and was friendly with Riopelle and other Art Informel painters; his style was influenced by these artists as well as by Americans such as Jackson Pollock.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)