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French painter, born in Paris. He came from a working-class family and in the 1930s was drawn to left-wing politics. In 1937 he painted Martyred Spain (Tate), a work which mixes the distortions of *Masson with dramatic Baroque dark and light, as a comment on the Spanish Civil War. During the German occupation he was involved in the printing of clandestine journals as well as Vaincre, an anti-Nazi collection of lithographs.

Text Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (Oxford University Press)